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Jakarta Journal # 2

BOOK   2
From 1811 to Independence 1945

Duncan MacDonald     
Jakarta  31 January  2016      
Reviewed   27  August   2019      
 The recorded history of Indonesia dates back over 2,000 years. This is the 2nd Journal, covering events from the British invasion of Batavia in 1811. up to declaring of Indonesian Independence in 1945. We look at the impact of some of the larger than life players who were; involved in the European discovery of Borobudur; the take over by the Dutch again, the Diponegoro War; the rise of Nationalism in the 20th century; the Japanese invasion in 1942, and the events leading up to Independence in 1945.

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Europe Dutch East Indies                         The Dutch East Indies size ~ compared to Europe

Dutch Indies                                 Dutch East Indies

  Borobudur Buddhist Temple 35m high, after renovation           Prambanan Hindu Temple 47m

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Batavia Dutch ships
          Asian and Dutch ships off Fort Batavia

Sultans                        Senopati             Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo                Mangkubumi

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cook     Captain James Cook             Lord Minto                Major-General Sir James Auchmuty

Penang                                           Georgetown in Penang 1814

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Edinburgh Uni Leyden
    Old College of Edinburgh University 18th century        John Casper Leyden

St Andrews
                                    St. Leonards College, St. Andrews ~ founded 1512

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St Andrews College  sheep
                        St. Andrews College of Divinity ~ 1767                 Scottish sheep

                                     Malucca 18th century                                Urang-utang in trousers

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Leyden & French brigantine
                         Leyden's ship pursued by French brigantine 1805

Mr & Mrs Minto
        Gilbert Elliot ~ First Lord of Minto      Agnes Murray-Kynynmond ~ wife of Lord Minto

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Meester Cornelis
                                               Meester Cornelis

Gillespie Greencastle
         Lieutenant Robert Rollo Gillespie in front of Greencastle, County Down, Ireland 1791.
  Greencastle is a royal castle originally build in 13th century. It was attacked and taken by Edward Bruce in 1316, brother of Robert the Bruce, King of Scots [1306-1329].

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Gillespie Vellore
                    Colonel Robert Rollo Gillespie           Fort Vellore mutiny 1806

                              Yogyakarta 1814

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         John Casper Leyden's grave

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Sir Walter Scott
     Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832)     Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border      The Lord of the Isles

Horsefield Crawfurd Mackenzie             Dr Thomas Horsfield           John Crawfurd                Colonel Colin Mackenzie

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Batavia                                                        Batavia   c1780

East India House
          East India House - Leadenhall Street London – 1817

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Raffles Olivia Maryanne
          Thomas Stamford Raffles                   Olivia Raffles                   Maryanne Raffles

Alfred Wallace in Borneo      Alfred Russel Wallace      James Brook ‘White Rajah’ of Sarawak

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Indian Sepoys 1817
                                                  Indian Sepoys 1817

Pakubuwono IV - Semar
                 Susuhunan Pakubuwono IV             Semar the jester-he never makes mistakes

Sultan HB III
      Sultan Hamengku Buwono III                Stamford Raffles                John Crawfurd

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                                          Gurkhas 1815

Rollo Gillespie statue    Gillespie killed in action 31 October 1814          Statue Major-General Sir Robert Rollo Gillespie

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Batak Javanese
                                             Batak warriors                                 Javanese with Kris

Shinta Borobudur 2009
The History of Java ~ published 1817          Shinta at Borobudur   2009

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         Prince Diponegoro and the Goddess of the Southern Ocean

Merapi moon Diponegoro
                  Mount Merapi volcano erupted 1822                        Prince Diponegoro

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Sentot Dutch
1830 Ali Basa Prawiradirja (Sentot)      Dutch & Padris soldiers fighting over Dutch standard

Diponegoro submits
                      Submission of Prince Diponegoro to General de Kock at Magelang 1830
                                                                                                      by Nicolas Pieneman

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Harvesting coffee rice
                              Harvesting coffee      Java                           Rice Farmers

Max Havelaar
                                   Max Havelaar                      Eduard Douwes Dekker

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Cik di Tero
          Teungku Cik di Tiro           Teungku Imam Bonjol           Si Singamangaradja

Batavia 19th century
                             Batavia 19th century

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Dutch colonials
   19th century Javanese lady in Batavia           Dutch colonials with their servants

Bali 1906
                    ‘Badung Puputan’ (ritual suicide or finishing) ~ Bali 20 Sept 1906
While Dutch soldiers preparted to attack the Badung Palace (now Denpasar), the King and his entourage dressed in white, committed ritual suicide. The Dutch then opened fire with cannon & rifles, massacring over 1,000 Balinese.

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Hatta wife
     Sitri Rahmiata Hatta (1st wife, married 1945)          Mohammad Hatta

Sukarno Bandung Tech College
            Sukarno as HSB student 1916          Bandung Technical College 1929

Soekarno Hatta
     Statue at entrance of Soekarno Hatta Airport    Jakarta          Sukarno's signature

Hatta Tan
                  Mohammad Hatta            Tan Malaka                     Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo

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Dutch troope c1930
                             Dutch troops in Surabaya c1930

               Emperor Hirohito               Japanese soldiers ~ 1942          Dr Seuss ~ War Bonds

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Japs in Surabaya Jkta
        Japanese troops entering Surabaya           Japanese armoured vehicles in Jakarta 1942

General Imamura -Comfort women
    General Hitoshi Imamura - Commander of the
Japanese invasion army of the Dutch East Indies           Indonesian Comfort Women

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                         Hiroshima after the atom bomb          Nagasaki strike photo   9-Aug-1945

            Sukarno accompanied by Hata declares Independence in Jakarta   17-Aug-1945

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Malaby Surabaya
    Brigadier Aubertin Walter Sothern Mallaby CIE OBE          Battle of Surabaya Nov 1945

Sudirman Nasution 2
                                     General Sudirman                     General Abdul Haris Nasution

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Rawagede Westerling
     Dutch troops attack Rawagede village ~ 1947                 Captain Raymond Westerling

HB IX Sukarno
  Coronation of Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX     Sukarno on his return to Yogyakarta from Banka
   18 March 1940                                                   is met by Hamengku Buwono IX - 6 July 1949

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Sultan HB Suharto Hata
Lieutenant-Colonel Suharto reports to           Hatta and Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX
Hamengku Buwono IX that his forces are          attending the Inter-Indonesian
ready to enter Yogyakarta on 1 May 1949         Conference at Yogyakarta July 1949

  Lieutenant-Colonel Suharto               Supriyadi           President Suharto and Madam Tien

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Sukarno Sjahir Hatta
  Sukarno ~ President      Sutan Sjahrir ~ Prime Minister      Mohammad Hatta ~ Vice-President

Sultan GK IX 12-1949
       27 Dec 1949 Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX (left front) sworn in as Defence Minister at Merdeka Palace

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Dutch Hatta signing Independence
    Indonesian Vice-president Hatta (2nd left) and Dutch Queen Julianna at signing ceremony which took place at the Royal Palace in Amsterdam 27-Dec-1949. With the treaty signed, the Dutch officially recognised Indonesian sovereignty
Sukarno Istana Merdeka
                           President Sukarno at Istana Merdeka 29 Dec 1949

     Sukarno's nine wives wives-1
              Siti Oetari    Inggit Garnasih                Fatmawati                Hartini
              Ratna Dewi    Kartini Manoppo    Haryati         Yurike Sanger    Heldy Djafar

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Available on iPad / iBooks, Kindle, Nook, Sony, & most e-reading apps including Stanza & Aldiko.
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     >> view illustrations for Culann, Celtic Warrior Monk - Book 1


Dutch East Indies
Borobudur & Pramban Temples
Asian & Dutch ships off Fort Batavia
Senopati ~ Sultan Agung ~ Mangkubumi
Captain Cook ~ Lord Minto ~ James Auchmuty
Penang 1814
Old College of Edinburgh University 18th century
St Leonards College, St Andrews, 1512
St Andrews College of Divinity - John Leyden
Malucca - Urangutan trousers
Leydens ship & French brigantine 1805
Borobudur & Pramban Temples
Lord Minto & wife
Meester Cornelis
Lieutenant Robert Rollo Gillespie
Colonel Rollo Gillespie - Vellore mutiny 1806
Yogyakarta 1814
John Casper Leyden's grave
Sir Walter Scott
Thomas Horsfield, John Crawfurd, Colin Mackenzie
Batavia c1780
East India House 1817
Thomas Stamford & Olivia Raffles, Maryanne Raffles
Alfred Wallace, Jmes Brook
Indian Sepoys 1817
Susuhunan Pakubuwono IV Semar the jester
Sultan Hamengku Buwono III, Stamford Raffles, John Crawfurd
Gurkhas 1815
Major-General Gillespie killed 1814
Batak warriors, Javanese with Kris
Shinta at Borobudur 2009
Prince Diponegoro & Goddess of Southern Ocean
Mount Merapi errupted 1822
Sentot 1830, Dutch & Padris soldiers
Diponegoro submits to de Kock, Magelang 1830
Harvesting coffee, Rice farmers
Max Havelaar, Eduard Douwes Dekker
Cik di Tiro, Imam Bonjol, Si Singamangaradja
Batavia 19th century
Javanese lady, Dutch colonials with servants
Badung Puputan-ritual suicide Bali 1908
Sukarno HSB student 1916, Bandung Technical College 1929
Mohammad Hatta, Tan Malaka, Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo
Dutch troops in Surabaya c1930
Emperor Hirohito, Japanese soldiers 1942, Dr Seuss-war bonds
Borobudur & Pramban Temples
Japanese troops Surabaya, Japanese in Jakarta 1942
General Imamura, Indonesian Comfort Women
Hiroshima after atom bomb, Nagasaki strike 9-Aug-1946
Sukarno with Hatta declare Independence 17-Aug-1945
Brigadier Mallaby, Battle of Surabaya Nov-1945
Borobudur & Pramban Temples
General Sudirman, General Nasution
Dutch troops attack Rawagede, Captain Raymond Westerling
Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX, Sukarno & Hamengku Buwono IX
Lieutenant-Colonel Suharto , Hatta, Hamengku Buwono IX 1949
Suharto, Supryadi, Madam Tien
Hamengku Buwonon IX as Defense Minister
Hatta & Queen Julianna signing treaty
President Sukarno at Istana Merdeka 29-Dec-1949
Sukarno's wives 1 to 4
Sukarno's wives 5 to 9